Comparison between the Outcomes of Physiotherapeutic Interventions and Corticosteroid Injections in Treatment of Lateral Epicondylitis (Tennis Elbow) At Short Term Follow Up

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Author(s) Ra’d Jaradat MD | Mohammad Albakheet MD | Kareem Al Rashdan MD | Samer Al boun MD | Zaid Alawneh MD
Pages 213-207
Volume 5
Issue 5
Date May, 2016
Keywords Tennis Elbow, Physiotherapy, Corticosteroid Injections.
Abstract

The aim of this study is to observe the efficiency of physiotherapeutic Interventions in comparison with corticosteroid injections in the treatment of lateral epicondylitis (tennis elbow) at short term follow up.Patients with lateral epicondylitis were diagnosed in the rheumatology clinic at Princess Rashed Hospital. Only 60 eligible patients were randomly distributed into equal three test groups; P (The physiotherapy group who received ultrasound and ice massage), C (The corticosteroid injections group who received the injections in the lateral epicondyle), and N (The control group who kept with no treatment). All groups exposed to short term follow up after 6 weeks of receiving the treatment to screen out the outcomes. Outcome measures were observed before and after receiving the treatment including the pressure pain threshold, elbow disability and grip strength. General improvement was detected by calculating the success rate. Data analysis was done using SPSS and one way ANOVA test for multiple variables.Corticosteroid injections were considerably superior to other treatment choices for all outcome measures. Success rates were 90% (18) compared with 45% (9) for P group and 30% (6) for N group. P had better results than N group, but differences were not significant.The results of this study suggest that corticosteroid injections are superior to physiotherapeutic interventions in the treatment of lateral epicondylitis (tennis elbow) at short term follow up. Additional researches are required, with greater highlighting on the efficacy of corticosteroid injections in combination with physiotherapeutic interventions.

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