Investigation of Variations in the Fibre Characteristics of Moringa Oleifera (Lam) Stem for Pulp and Paper Production

Full Text PDF PDF
Author(s) Ekhuemelo, D.O.| Udo, A. M
Pages 19-25
Volume 5
Issue 1
Date January, 2016
Keywords Moringa Oleifera, Fibre Length, Runkel Ratio, Fibre Length, Fibre Diameter, Paper
Abstract

The study assessed fibre characteristics of Moringa oleifera (Lam) stem for pulp and paper production. Samples were collected from three Moringa oleifera trees of ages 1, 3 and 5 years grown in home gardens in Makurdi. Three samples of sapwood and heartwood portions of the stem were taken from top (90%), middle (50%), and base (10%), respectively. The representative samples were chipped and placed in equal volume of glacial acetic acid and hydrogen peroxide in the ratio of 1:1 for maceration; fibre length, fibre diameter, lumen width and cell wall thickness were measured using Reichert Visopan Microscope and morphological indices were calculated. Data were analyzed using Analysis of Variance (ANOVA). The results show that Fibre length of 1 and 3 years old Moringa oleifera were not significantly different. There was no significant difference between the means of Runkel ratio of 3 and 5 years old Moringa oleifera but differed significantly from 1 year old Moringa oleifera at P<0.001. Means of Felting power were not significantly different among 1, 3 and 5year old Moringa oleifera at P<0.005. There was no significant differences among means of rigidity ratio and F ratio of 1, 3 and 5 years old Moringa oleifera tree at P<0.001. There was no significant difference among means of top, middle and base portions for 1, 3 and 5 years old Moringa oleifera tree. The study found that Moringa oleifera is suitable for pulp and paper production and 5 year old Moringa oleifera was best suited for pulp and paper production compared to 1 and 3 years old Moringa oleifera.

< Back to January Issue