Evaluation of Nutritional and Anti-Nutrional Profiles of Gingerbread Plum (Neocarya Macrophylla) Seed Kernel from Sokoto State, Nigeria

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Author(s) Muhammad, S. | Umar, K.J. | Sani, N.A. | Muhammad Sirajo
Pages 361-367
Volume 4
Issue 7
Date July, 2015
Keywords Nutritional, Anti-Nutritional, Seed Kernel, Neocarya Macrophylla
Abstract

The proximate, minerals, amino acids and anti-nutritional compositions of gingerbread plum (Neocarya macrophylla) seeds were evaluated. The results of proximate analysis showed a composition of 12.55% moisture, 5.52% ash, 23.24% crude protein, 7.67% crude fiber, 50.50% crude lipid, 6.04% available carbohydrate and 571.62kcal of energy value. The seed is rich in both macro and micro minerals element of which magnesium (503.08mg/100g), potassium (489.12mg/100g), calcium (312.55mg/100g) and sodium (78.76mg/100g) are the dominant macro elements, while iron (20.55mg/100g) is the dominant micro element present. The amino acids profile of the seed shows that for adult human the seed can supply the body with the required essential amino acids but for children the seed is deficient of leucine, lysine and threonine. The anti-nutrients to nutrients molar ratio show the deficiency of iron and zinc due to phytate. The result shows that the seed of Neocarya macrophylla if properly utilized could be used as a potential source of nutrients.

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