Traditional Practices for Survival in Resource Depleted Himalayan Region: Challenges Put Forth by Climate Change and Response of Local Communities

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Author(s) Piyoosh Rautela | Bhavna Karki
Pages 395-404
Volume 4
Issue 8
Date August, 2015
Keywords Himalaya, Uttarakhand, Bhagirathi, Niti, Byans, Johar, Traditional Knowledge, Climate Change, Phenology, Adaptation, Coping Mechanisms.

Based upon the strength of their traditional farming and resource management strategies the people living in the Niti, Bhagirathi, Byans and Johar valleys of Higher Himalaya in Uttarakhand Himalaya (India) have been managing good livelihood standard despite constraints put forth by physiography, climate and resource availability. Evidences suggest that the masses have started to experience impact of changing climate that is generally manifested in the form of changes in hydrology, phenology, agricultural productivity, faunal and floral population. Perceived adverse impact of these on life and livelihood strategy of the people has forced them lately to introduce many changes in their traditional life support pursuits. Acknowledged as being adaptation strategies these are documented but are analysed as being short of what is required. To be successful these are required to be better engineered and innovated with amalgamation of traditional knowledge and promoted aggressively to speed up the adaptation process.

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