Microbial Quality of Fresh Meat from Retail Outlets in Tolon and Kumbungu Districts of the Northern Region of Ghana

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Author(s) A. K. Obeng | F. S. Johnson | S. O. Appenteng
Pages 423-428
Volume 2
Issue 6
Date June, 2013
Keywords raw meat, retail outlets, microbiological quality, contamination, standard
Abstract

Microbiological quality of raw meat sold at retail outlets in the Tolon and Kumbungu districts of the Northern region of Ghana was evaluated using standard microbiological methods. Samples collected from retail outlet at Nyankpala in the morning, afternoon, and late afternoon had the highest mean total aerobic bacterial count of 5.74 X 106 cfu/cm2, 7.58 X 106 cfu/cm2, and 8.85 X 106 cfu/cm2 respectively. The lowest total aerobic count was recorded in retail outlet at Gbulung (1.84 X 106 cfu/cm2, 4.40 X 106 cfu/cm2 and 5.75 X 106 cfu/cm2 for morning, afternoon, and late afternoon samples respectively). Bacteria isolated from the samples were Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus, Streptococcus, and Salmonella species, of which some may be pathogenic and of public health concern. Variations in the total aerobic count and the type of bacteria were observed at different times of the day. The presence of various bacteria on raw meat sold in the Tolon and kumbungu districts is an indication of low standards of animal and meat handling practices from pre-slaughter to post–slaughter, sales of meat, abattoir facilities, and equipments.

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