Estimating the Potential to Achieve Electrical Energy from Biomass Resources in Iran (A Case Study in Isfahan)

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Author(s) Hossein Shahinzadeh | Hajar Ghotb | Masoud Tavanarad | Sayed amin feghhi | Mohammad Hajahmadi
Pages 322-328
Volume 1
Issue 7
Date July, 2012
Keywords Micro-generation, Biogas resource, Renewable energy, Bioenergy, combined heat and power (CHP).
Abstract

The IRAN has a significant biomass resource, estimated at an annual 25 million tons, but only a fraction of this is captured effectively for energy, contributing approximately 3.8% of the IRAN’s heat and electricity production. Much biomass combustion technology may be considered as mature, although bottlenecks in the quality and quantity of feedstock are apparent, and further fundamental research is required to increase crop yield in a sustainable manner, with low chemical inputs to ensure efficient energy balance. In the short term, it could be useful for the IRAN to focus on developing a limited number of bioenergy chains, linked to combined heat and power micro-generation and the use of bioenergy for community and public sector projects. This should be linked to a joined up policy and regulatory framework. A clear strategy for land management is also required, since many competing uses for land will emerge in the coming decades, including food production, nature conservation, carbon sequestration, urbanization and other forms of renewable energy use. This finite resource must be managed effectively. In the long term future, considerable excitement exists about the possibility of new bioscience technologies harnessed to improve photosynthetic gains for bioenergy, including the use of synthetic biology. It may be possible to produce the designer energy plant whose outputs would include high quality chemical and liquid biofuels. Gasification of biomass also requires further technology development.

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